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Child psychotherapy

A child who is transitioning to the adolescent age period has compromised relationships with family members, which can lead to negative behaviors. As adolescents, children are beginning to act out their independence and developing autonomy away from their parents. Adolescents explore individual identity, so they will often evolve in beliefs, values, interests and social groups. This may be met with resistance by parents who fear losing their child or close relationship with them (1). The child, therefore, faces the challenging task of establishing trustful self-relationships without parental aid (2). During this time the child also starts exploring different aspects of themselves like gender identities (3), sexual orientation (4)and may engage in activities that harm themselves or others. When conflicts arise between thechild and the parent, child psychiatrists are called in to provide child-appropriate care.

When adolescents are transitioning from child-adolescent psychiatry to psychotherapy, they often feel unsure of who they are or how their personality may change over time (5). Transitioning into can be challenging for children because provide them with guidance when needed. Psychiatry provides a way for people to understand themselves better by identifying problems which is why child psychiatrists are important in child care. They help identify behavioral patterns that deviate from normal childhood development. Child psychologists offer assessment, evaluation and intervention services for children who have behavioral or emotional problems (6). Child mental health providers work on recognizing dangerous behavior among children before it is too late. When these dangerous behaviors emerge, child psychiatrists help the child and the family understand and cope with these behaviors in a healthy way.

There are various child psychiatric disorders which can be treated by child psychiatrists. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental health problems in children, which can persist into adulthood if not treated (7). The symptoms of ADHD include difficulty paying attention, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. Other disorders which child psychiatrists may treat include oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, anxiety disorders, depression and eating disorders.